Action Plans for Disaster Management and Preparedness
As a result of migration to urban areas worldwide by people who want to seek jobs, high buildings have been erected coupled with increase in population, overhead electric cables, and slum areas. This condition, plus more industries, oil pipelines and storage tanks and occurrence of natural calamities such as earthquakes and landslides causes an impending big disaster. The way people respond and their level of preparedness vary in some parts of the world that experience different disasters. To minimize the effects and impacts of disaster, mitigation takes place which now includes activities and measures which are put in place. Mitigation also covers the effects and impacts of disaster to a given population or area regarding physical, economic, and social. Past experience has shown us that being prepared for disasters to a certain degree can mitigate the effects to a large extent unlike areas that are not properly prepared. Depending on the locality and the community concerned, this can involve a lot of aspects and angles. These measures are categorized into structural and non-structural.
Another categorization for these preparedness measures of mitigating disasters aside from structural and non-structural, is either active or passive. In active measures, the incentive reward scheme is done to encourage people or organizations to create disaster ready surroundings. Unlike the passive measures which depend on guidelines and controls, the active measures are found to be more effective. As often observed, the fact that the law based planning codes and rules lack effectiveness unless strongly implemented together with the cooperation of building owners. To do the trick, subsidies and lower insurance premiums can be offered for better and safer constructions.
The government and the local authorities must aim on handling disasters when they occur, and to do so, the government and the local authorities must possess a trait of preparedness in order to clear structures. The plans and policies to be implemented must be simple and easy in order to have a good disaster preparedness and management unit. The requirement is to increase the knowledge of the people and organizations and the warning systems should be properly positioned and monitored on a regular basis including a well planned use of land. Improper planning could result to fires that are difficult to put out and roads that are impassable for fire and emergency vehicles. Pre planning must always be made or done because without it, the disaster response post disaster management will be one of the most challenging and difficult part or task.